No error here: Microsoft deploying Chinese censorship on global scale

Microsoft has responded to our research about Bing search results after initially responding with a “no comment”. We have actually already addressed most of their rebuttal in our original article. Here are the highlights. From Microsoft:

We’ve conducted an investigation of the claims raised by Greatfire.org. First, Bing does not apply China’s legal requirements to searches conducted outside of China. Due to an error in our system, we triggered an incorrect results removal notification for some searches noted in the report but the results themselves are and were unaltered outside of China.

We sent our research findings to Microsoft before publishing our blog post with an explicit query as to whether or not the odd search results were the result of a technical mistake. Microsoft originally responded by saying: “Thanks for your inquiry. We have no comment on this topic.”.

Microsoft says: “[T]he results themselves are and were unaltered outside of China”. This is simply not true. Please refer to the comparison chart in our original blog post. The Guardian confirmed our testing results concerning the 达赖喇嘛 (Dalai Lama) and did their own tests for 薄熙来 (Bo Xilai). The newspaper reported:

A search on Bing in Chinese for Bo Xilai (薄熙来), the former high-flying Chinese government official now serving life imprisonment for corruption, shows equally different results. The top search result is again Baidu Baike. Wikipedia is the third entry. There are no western reports on the politician on the front page. In English the search is topped by Wikipedia, then by stories from the New York Times, BBC and Financial Times.

A Google search in Chinese starts with the Wikipedia page and then several news articles chronicling his downfall from sources including the BBC and Voice of America.

Most results are partially censored and hard to detect if you don’t read Chinese. But we selected a term that is completely censored so that even a non-Chinese reader can easily confirm that the censorship exists. Please click this link to do your own testing.


This notice translates to “Due to legal obligations imposed by Chinese laws and regulations, we have removed the results for these search terms. For more information, please see here.”

In addition, Microsoft has failed to address our point on the censorship policy for international Bing in China. We have shown that this version is heavily censored but Microsoft has again failed to comment on this issue.

With regards to the freeweibo.com homepage being absent from Bing search results, our investigation indicates that at some time in the past the page was marked as inappropriate due to low quality or adult content. After review, we have determined the page is acceptable for inclusion in global search results.

Bing aims to provide a robust set of high-quality, relevant search results to our users. In doing so, Bing has extremely high standards that respect human rights, privacy and freedom of expression.

As we explained in our blog post, we tested a search for “FreeWeibo” with safe search turned off. If the setting is off, often a search engine will return adult content. Ever with safe search “off” our index is still not shown, which runs contrary to Microsoft’s explanation. You can easily verify this for yourself. First turn off safe search, then click this link to confirm that none of the results come from FreeWeibo.com.

Microsoft’s alternate claim is that our site is “low quality”. FreeWeibo.com is widely quoted and linked to by international media such as BBC and The Guardian. The website has a Google page rank of 5 out of 10 (by way of comparison, theguardian.com has a page rank of 7/10). FreeWeibo.com would be in no way marked as spam content.

Microsoft is a signatory to the Global Network Initiative, which is an effort by a multi-stakeholder group of companies, civil society organizations (including human rights and press freedom groups), investors and academics to protect and advance freedom of expression and privacy on the Internet. As part of our commitment to GNI, Microsoft follows a strict set of internal procedures for how we respond to specific demands from governments requiring us to block access to content. We apply these principles carefully and thoughtfully to our Bing version for the People’s Republic of China.

We are happy Microsoft has signalled its intention to operate according to GNI principles, but we again reiterate our call that they release a transparency report for Bing, worldwide. We also believe that this is the perfect time for Microsoft to drop its excessive global censorship policy on any version outside of China and International bing inside China.

This story shines a negative light on both Microsoft and China. We fully expect the Chinese authorities to continue with their draconian censorship practice. But for Microsoft, this is an enormous opportunity - do the right thing and stand up to Chinese censorship now. It has damaged your credibility with customers and China’s efforts to boost its image overseas.

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星期三, 8月 26, 2015

中国开发者被警察要求删除软件

发生了什么?

ShawdowSocks

8月22日,一个托管于GitHub的开源项目 ShadowSocks 被删除了。

ss.png

据该项目的作者透漏,警察联系了他,并要求他停止开发该工具,并从GitHub上删除所有代码。

police.png

后来他删除了关于警方的评论,想必是迫于警方的压力。
edited.png

消息传出后,许多中国和外国开发商,以及ShadowSocks用户,对作者致谢。同时由于这种广泛关注的结果,ShadowSocks成为了GitHub上的热门项目。

Github.png

 

星期三, 7月 15, 2015

商业巨人和道德矮子

当LinkedIn在2014年2月决定建立中国本地版网站的时候,它做出了一个艰难的决定,这是一个在公司价值观上的妥协。

值得注意的是,在LinkedIn发布领英网(该网站的中国本地版)之前,它就已经活跃在中国市场了。在他们的账户下,有四亿的注册用户(几乎没有进行市场营销),中国的客户会在他们的平台上购买广告(他们的主要收入)。当局曾对该网站进行了为期24小时屏蔽,但从未进行长期屏蔽。

那么,为什么LinkedIn非得在中国创建一个本地实体版?因为当地的实体公司将能够开具人民币的正式收据,这能够使本地企业更方便的购买网站上广告。当地实体也使得它更容易进行市场交易,促进领英在中国的发展。

但或许更大的吸引力在于这可以让它成为少数几个能与鲁炜以及中国网信办(CAC)愉快相处的国外互联网公司。这层与网信办的关系必将有助于那些想在中国发展的企。

2015-07-14-1436865048-6462717-1115415785_14326334877831n.jpg

图片说明: LinkedIn的雷德•霍夫曼多次会见中国的网络沙皇鲁炜.

当然,还会有许多其他的好处,但为了成为一个本地公司,LinkedIn不得妥协以下几点:

  • 要在当局的授意下全天候的审查用户发布在该平台上的内容,无论是在中国境内或境外。
  • 要在中国境内的服务器上存储所有中国用户的数据,并且要在中国当局能够随时随地的访问这些数据。
  • 要按照所有目前和将来的中国互联网法规来运营。

LinkedIn在中国的审查制度处理上曾有些尴尬。它们对审查透明度的承诺含糊不清,不置可否(“可能”,“或许”,“尝试”),但该公司的CEO,杰夫•韦纳,已经有比较明确对如何处理审查的态度。以下是他与BuzzFeed的麦特•霍南的22分钟的采访

星期六, 4月 04, 2015

CNNIC封杀自己对根证书被撤销的声明

谷歌于2015年4月1日宣布,他们将不再承认CNNIC根和EV证书颁发机构(CAs)。

在第二天,Mozilla也发表博文称:CNNIC给其他公司发行不受约束的中间证书是“令人震惊的做法”,而Mozilla的产品将不再信任由CNNIC根颁发的任何证书。 Mozilla还发表了关于他们的更详细的报告

在谷歌和Mozilla于2015年3月23日曝光了几个谷歌域名使用了未经批准的数字证书之后,CNNIC并未发表任何声明。CNNIC身为证书颁发机构,却一直在实施中国的网络审查。CNNIC不仅曾是,现在也是,并且将来还是会继续实施中国的互联网审查。

不出意外,上述关于4月1日和2日的新闻在中国的社交媒体和传统媒体上被封杀了。

下面是关于这些公告的微博截图。

请注意,在第一篇关于谷歌全面撤销CNNIC的根证书的截图中,下方有三个按钮,而在第二个截图中却有四个按钮,很明显能看出第一篇微博的转发功能消失了,可见中国当局正在如何防止负面信息蔓延上变得越来越有创意!最后这篇微博的命运和往常一样,被当局完全删除了。

即便在传统媒体网站上也有一些详细介绍了CNNIC对此“毫不知情”的报道,也已经被封杀。

网易的报道:“Chrome和Mozilla撤销了CNNIC CA”在发布后2小时之内就被删除。网易是中国最大的互联网服务提供商之一。

URL:http://tech.163.com/15/0403/08/AM8VPOLJ000915BF.html

新浪的报道:“CNNIC认为谷歌的决定是不可理解和不可接受的”被删除。新浪网是中国最大的门户网站之一。

URL: http://tech.sina.com.cn/i/2015-04-02/doc-ichmifpy5387951.shtml

搜狐的报道:“CNNIC谴责谷歌”已被删除。搜狐在全网Alexa排名第44。

星期二, 3月 31, 2015

中国当局的使用数百万网民进行网络攻击

鲁炜和中国网信办很明显的升级了他们控制信息的战术. 防火长城由一个被动的过滤器变成了一个具有侵略性的主动的武器。 这是一个非常可怕的发展,这种行动的影响将会延伸至互联网的每一个角落。简明的说,当局已经以前是对中国,现在到全球互联网都要执行严格的审查制度。

星期五, 3月 27, 2015

中国封杀有关CNNIC发布中间人证书的文章

日前,谷歌发现在多个未授权的针对谷歌域名的电子证书,而这些证书的根证书属于中国互联网络信息中心(CNNIC)。谷歌和Mozilla(火狐)分别公开了这一安全事件,就此分别发表了博客文章(GoogleMozilla)。但谷歌与Mozilla有关CNNIC发布中间人攻击证书文章的中文翻译,则在中国被勒令删除。

 

  • 中国著名IT博客“月光博客”不加任何评论,将谷歌的文章翻译成中文。在谷歌和百度上用中文搜索“CNNIC中间人攻击”,他的这篇文章都是搜索的首个结果。3月26日,他在推特上表示,新闻办打电话给他, 要求立即删除他的这篇文章。原文 http://www.williamlong.info/archives/4183.html 被删除了。但谷歌缓存仍然存在。

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